The Pomeranian is also known as the German Dwarf Spitz, one of the most popular breeds in the world for its small size and cute appearance. Being loyal to their loved ones, It is a small, spirited, and adorable breed. Even though they are small, they don’t act like that at all. They may chase big dogs. This cute little puppy has become everyone’s favorite as they are quite loving. There are some facts about this breed; you may need to consider if you are thinking of adopting one.  

Characteristics and Size

The pomeranian breeds are active and curious. They don’t consider themselves small, which may lead them to some trouble with the bigger ones. Poms are perky and friendly with other dogs and kids. They have large almond-shaped dark eyes, and also the color of the nose can be dark or the color of their coat. In addition, they have wolf-like faces and come in different colors. Let us discuss their characteristics features and size below:

Brief Description of Breed

HEIGHT: 6-7 inches
WEIGHT: 3-7 pounds
GROUP: Toy or Miniature
COAT TYPE: Double Coat
COLORS: Black, Black& Tan, Blue, Blue & Tan, Blue Merle, Chocolate, Chocolate&Tan, Cream, Orange, Orange Sable, Red, Red Sable, White, Wolf Sable, Cream Sable, Beaver, Tri-Color, Blue Sable.
HAIR: Long and Silky Fur
LIFE SPAN: 12-16 Years

Characteristic Features:-

1. Adaptability Nature:
Adaptability Level
Tolerate being alone
Good with owners
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Attached with family
Dog Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Protective Nature
2. Health and Grooming Characteristics:
Overall Health
Easy to Groom
Shedding Amount
Digging Ability
Snoring Tendency
Drooling Potential
Weight Gain Potential
3. Training Ability:
Training Ability
Prey Drive
Bark Capacity
4. Physical Requirements:
Energy Level
Exercise Need
Playing Capacity


The Pomeranian was born in an ancient Dutch, he called Pomerania situated between Germany and Poland. Unlike the present Pom, the first specimens were large and considered livestock dogs. They controlled sheep, cattle, and deer. Their original name was ‘Wolf Spitz’, which means wolf of spitz. However, they are often called Spark Spitz. They were popularized in ancient Greece and then in Rome, being the favorite dog of wealthy women.

Their popularity increased due to Queen Victoria, who adopted this breed while visiting Florence, Italy. After that, she became a significant breeder and exhibitor of Pomeranians. She is known for reducing the size of Pom from about 30 pounds to their current toy size. Even when she lay dying, one of her favorite Poms kept awake all the time at her feet.


  • Dutchy Pomerania
  • They became popular in Greece and Rome
  • Popularity increased due to Queen Victoria
  • Queen Victoria is known for reducing its size to toy size.

Pomeranian Health

Pomeranians may become excellent pets for those who are older or busy in their daily life. They also can be a good choice for apartment dwellers or tiny homes that don’t have much space or backyard.

They are healthy, but like other breeds, they are prone to health problems. Not all Poms are susceptible to any of these health conditions, but it might be helpful for you if you are planning to adopt this breed. 

  • Consider adopting from a good breeder who may help you with your pet’s health clearances for both your pet and his parents. So you will be aware of his health conditions, whether he is susceptible to health issues or not. They are less likely to have hereditary problems. The following are some health conditions to be aware of:

a) Epilepsy:

They suffer epilepsy and get seizures.

b) Allergies:

They may suffer from allergies might be food allergies or contact allergies. It could be an allergy so, keep your eyes on them while feeding them any food treat for the first time. 

c) Hip Dysplasia:

This disease occurs occasionally. Many factors are involved in the deformity of the hip joint, including genetics, environment, and diet. 

d) Eye Problems:

Poms are prone to many eye problems, like cataracts, dry eyes, and tear duct problems. Hence, it may lead to blindness if not treated timely. Consult your vet for any complications.

e) Patellar Luxation:

This disease is quite common in this breed. Hence, the knee joint slides in and out of place, which leads to pain. This health condition can last long, even throughout life.

f) Collapsed Trachea:

In this health condition, the trachea tends to collapse. The trachea is responsible for carrying air to the lungs. Whereas, the sign of collapsed trachea is a chronic, dry, and harsh cough. If you don’t take it seriously, you need to go for surgery on your pet.

g) Dental Problems:

Pomeranians are more susceptible to dental problems. They tend to develop plaques on teeth very quickly; if you don’t brush them regularly, this may lead to a bad breath issue. In addition, your Pom may lose its tooth as well. 

Pomeranian Exercise

Although Pomeranians are lap dogs and usually carried up by their owners, they love to play and walk outside the home. They can get the chance to exercise and love to run, play, and walk out. They usually don’t gain weight and do not need to work out much. But if you want to make them fit and disciplined, you can provide them with a regular exercise session. Always keep your eyes on them when they are outside the home. Mostly misled by preys like owls, eagles, hawks, and other wild animals. So, never leave them alone outside. Be conscious when you take them with you. Other dogs may also hurt them easily.

Prices of Pomeranian in Countries

The price of Poms may vary due to the factors like age, size, color, location, breed type, and dog selling companies.

USA Between $1000-$6000
CANADA Between $1000-$6000
INDIA Between $40 -$1010
AUSTRALIA Between $2000-$5500
UK Between $2773-$8320



  • If you have small children at home, these pooches are not for you because they can harm these small puppies accidentally from rough handling.
  • These puppies are sharp and good at learning tricks. So train them as much as possible. 
  • They have a lot of energy, so make them exercise regularly. It will keep them active and enthusiastic.
  • Pomeranian enjoy going out for walks but beware of predators that can harm them.
  • They might be suspicious of strangers and can bark a lot at them. So train them when to stop.
  • These dogs can’t tolerate heat, so keep them hydrated and in cool areas.
  • When this breed gets old, they might get bald spots on their coats.
  • Poms need regular cleaning of their teeth so, brush them daily.
  • They also require regular trimming or grooming as they have pretty fluffy and big hair and need extra care.
  • Trim your dog’s nails, and also they might scratch you with them.