Chihuahua is considered, the world’s smallest dog breed by many kennel clubs across the globe. Although named after a state in Mexico, Chihuahua, this breed originated in China — but the history surrounding this breed stands divided.


Not more than 25 cm in height and weight between two and three kilos, they have the potential to live up to 16 years.

Group: Toy Group
Height: 5-8 inches
Weight: upto 6 pounds
Life Expectancy: 14-16 years
Coat and Color: Short and Long in Length and Colors – brown / chocolate / liver, black, gray, blue, white, fawn
Temperament: Friendly, Anxious, Playful
Energy Level: Active

About Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are very ideal for first-time dog owners. Bred to be companion dogs, Chihuahuas are both protective and jealous. These dogs are attention seekers and can often get cocky. However, one cannot question their loyalty, intelligence, and adaptability. No matter how playful your Chihuahua is, leaving this breed alone with children at home is not a great idea as, despite their small size, they are very much capable of biting and causing damage.

What is interesting about this breed is that they are fierce and often have an upper paw in dominating larger breeds. Most dog experts opine that “they are big dogs trapped in small bodies”.


Otherwise healthy, diseases like tracheal collapse, heart problems, Legg-Perthes disease, dislocation of kneecaps, epilepsy, and brain, spine, and nerve conditions are common in them. They need a fixed training regime of a maximum of 25-30 mins a day. This is contrary to their nature as they enjoy being in their owner’s lap more than outdoors. They are clingy and will accompany you anywhere you go. They often have separation anxiety and have shivers whenever they are stressed, excited, or cold.

Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club:

  • Cardiac Exam
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • Patella Evaluation

If planning to adopt one, you must be committed to its training needs. Also, many vets suggest that a Chihuahua owner must resist form giving this dog treat-based training. They also suggest that they should be fed thrice uniformly throughout the day. Giving them excess food can jeopardize their health.

To keep your Chihuahua well-groomed, one needs to brush it at least once a week. An ignored Chihuahua can become very aggressive, impatient, and spoiled. Most importantly, hold your urges to kiss your Chihuahua as you may threaten it. Finally, you may need to give this breed the respect that it deserves